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How to install Ubuntu 12.04

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How to install Ubuntu 12.04: Ubuntu 12.04 is the most recent version of Ubuntu, one of the most popular Linux distributions. If you have never heard of it, it is a free and open source operating system that includes many office programs ( LibreOffice ), web browsing ( Firefox ), email management, music, graphics and much more. It is practically immune to computer viruses and runs very well even on computers that are no longer very early.

Compared to other Linux distributions that may appear to be intended for IT experts only, it is very simple to use and can be installed without removing Windows. Each time you turn on the computer, you will be the one to choose which operating system to start. Tempting as an idea, isn’t it? Then take a few minutes of free time and find out with me how to install Ubuntu 12.04 . I am convinced that you will be pleasantly impressed with this operating system.

If you want to learn how to install Ubuntu 12.04 , the first step is to connect to the Ubuntu website and click on the Start download button to download the ISO image of the operating system on your computer. Once the download is complete, start your favorite burning program (eg ImgBurn , Passcape ISO Burner , etc.) and burn the image file you just downloaded ( ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso ) onto a blank DVD. If you don’t know how to burn ISO files , also consult the guide that I proposed some time ago on the subject.

At the end of the procedure, insert the Ubuntu installation DVD in the PC and restart the machine. At this point, the computer should not start normally with Windows but should start the Ubuntu 12.04 installation procedure . If this does not happen, set the PC DVD player as the primary boot unit following the instructions I gave you in my guide on how to set up the BIOS .

We should finally be there! Wait a few seconds for the Ubuntu diskette to start and, in the first screen that appears, select the Italian language from the left sidebar. Then click on the Install Ubuntu button and you will start the wizard for installing the operating system on your computer.

Now, put the check mark next to the item Download updates during installation if you have an Internet connection and you want to download all the latest updates for Ubuntu during installation and click Continue to go ahead.

You are now at a crucial point of the procedure, the one in which to choose whether to create a so-called dual-boot system and install Ubuntu alongside Windows (then choosing which operating system to boot each time the PC is started) or whether to format the hard disk and replace completely Ubuntu to Windows. Depending on the choice you made, then put the check mark next to the item Install Ubuntu next to Windows or the item Replace Windows with Ubuntu and click on the Continue button .

If, like me, you have chosen to support Ubuntu with Windows, you will now have to choose how much hard disk space to reserve for Ubuntu 12.04 . Then use the mouse cursor to move the graphic indicator between one partition and the other and click first on Install and then on Continue to start the installation of the operating system. If you want advice, never go below 10-15 GB , otherwise you may find yourself with little enough space to install programs on Ubuntu.

During the process to install Ubuntu 12.04 , while copying the files to the hard disk, you will be asked to set the time zone of the system (set by default to Rome ), choose the keyboard layout (make sure Italian is selected ) and create your user account by choosing a username and password to access Ubuntu. If you have chosen to create a dual-boot Linux / Windows system, you will also be asked if you want to import Windows documents into Ubuntu .

At the end of the procedure (which should last at least 20 minutes, but the time could be longer with the download of updates), click on the Restart now button , remove the Ubuntu DVD from the PC and press the Enter key on the computer keyboard to end the install the operating system and restart the computer.

If everything went in the right direction (and there is no reason to doubt the contrary), when the PC is turned on again, a menu will appear through which you can choose whether to start Ubuntu or Windows . This menu will appear every time you start your computer, so you can easily switch from Windows to Linux and vice versa at any time keeping both operating systems running on your PC. Happy?