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How to backup PC Windows 10

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How to backup PC Windows 10: You have noticed that the amount of important files present on your PC equipped with Windows 10 has increased exponentially, so you are looking for a solution that can make them safe, perhaps on a disk or even on the cloud, so as not to lose them in case of unexpected events or breakage of your devices. It seems clear to me that you need a backup and, luckily for you, Windows 10 offers many solutions in this sense, both included “as standard” and released by third parties as separate downloads.

How do you say? You can’t wait to find out how to backup PC Windows 10 to get to work immediately? I am happy to inform you that this is the guide for you: below, in fact, I will show you the simplest and most effective methods to secure your computer data and restore them in case of need: all without paying a single euro .

In particular, I will let you know the various types of backup that can be created and then I will show you both a solution included by default in Windows 10 (which therefore does not require the download of additional software), and some useful external program that can help you achieve your goal with minimal effort. Having said that, now all I have to do is wish you a good read and a good backup!

Types of backups

How to backup PC Windows 10

Before catapulting yourself into the world of backup, it is good that you learn simple concepts about what are the types of storage that the various software can exploit. Do not think that, at each backup, all the files are diligently copied to the chosen device, because this is not the case: there are programs that, by taking advantage of each of the techniques that I will shortly illustrate, can speed up and optimize the data copy operation, as well as which decrease the size of the resulting backup file. Curious to know how? Read carefully the differences between the various backup techniques I’m about to explain and you will find out.

  • Full backup – as the name suggests, it is a complete copy of the files and folders on the chosen device, as they are and without any exclusion. It is a type of backup that is simple to manage, but very long to create.
  • Incremental backup – in this type of backup only the files created and modified since the last backup are stored, leaving the others unchanged. Therefore, before making an incremental backup, you need to create a full one. It is a solution that generates files of limited size but, for recovery, requires the last full backup and all previous incremental backups.
  • Full synthetic backup – is identical to the incremental backup, but “incorporates” its files into the full backup from which it originates. It is practical and safe, but takes longer to create (due to the merge operation).
  • Differential backup – very similar to incremental backup, it stores files and folders created since the last full backup, leaving everything else intact. Consequently, before creating a differential backup, it is necessary to create at least one full backup. This type of solution is a little more important, in terms of space, than the incremental backup, but simpler as regards recovery: to do it, you need the last full backup and only thelast differential backup.

So, in summary, each of the listed methods has its strengths and weaknesses: it’s up to you to choose the one that best suits your needs and, based on this, the most useful program for your purposes. For further explanations and all the necessary explanations, I refer you to my guide dedicated to backups.

Create backups with File History

Windows 10 includes a very valid tool for saving data: it is File history, which is very simple to use. This functionality of the operating system allows you to create backups of the type incremental and, if necessary, to perform them completely automatically.

To make a backup with File History, click the button Start that you find at the bottom left (the one with the Windows flag icon), then on the icon present in the left sidebar and, in the window that appears, select the items Update and security is Backup.

Windows 10 Backup - File History

At this point, click the button + placed next to the writing Add a unit, select from the list theunit of rescue (the disk or external device to be backed up) and you’re done: completely automatically, Windows will create an incremental backup at regular intervals of the most important folders on the system (Matches saved, Connections, Download, Favorites, Contacts, OneDrive, Desktop, Searches, Images, Documents, roll, Video, Saved images is Music) On the chosen unit.

Backup with File History

If you want to change the backup settings, click on the item Other options. From the screen that opens, you can then view the size of the current backup, immediately perform a backup, decide how often to automatically save the data, how long to keep the old backups, add or remove save folders or change the drive of saving data.

Also, by clicking on Restore files from a current backup, you can quickly restore your data by following the instructions on the screen.

Backup Windows 10 with File History - 2

In case of second thoughts, to disable the creation of automatic Windows backup, simply move the appropriate lever up Off.

Create backups with EaseUS Todo Backup

EaseUS Todo Backup

EaseUS Todo Backup is one of the best programs to backup your computer. It supports copying of individual files and folders, entire drives or partitions and full system backup, with the possibility of restoring backups on computers other than the original one.

The software is compatible with all versions of Windows 10 (and with previous editions of the Microsoft operating system) and is available in various versions: EaseUS Todo Backup Free, which offers the possibility to backup and restore files / disks / partitions / system for free; EaseUS Todo Backup Home (starting from 27 euros), which also offers functions for transferring the system to different PCs, having email notifications, pre / post commands, offsite copies, file exclusion, backup / restore of emails from Outlook and backup planning based on events, e EaseUS Todo Backup Workstation (starting from 36 euros) which, instead, presents all the features of EaseUS Todo Backup Home plus command line support. It can also be used in the corporate environment. There are also versions of EaseUS Todo Backup intended for business areas: to learn more, consult this page of the EaseUS website.

That said, to download EaseUS Todo Backup on your computer, connected to official program website and click on the button Download for free, if you want to download the Free version of the software, or on the button Free trial, if you want to download the trial version of EaseUS Todo Backup Home. If you want to proceed directly with the purchase of the full version of the application, click on the button instead Buy now. If necessary, provide yours email address and click first on the download button (e.g. Try Todo Backup Free) and then on the item Download.

Download is complete, open the .exe file obtained and, in the window that opens, click on the button first Yup and then on OK, Forward is I accept, then Forward three more times in a row (uncheck the box Join the anonymous statistics usage program, if you do not want to send anonymous usage statistics) and Close, in order to complete the setup and start the application.

Installation of EaseUS Todo Backup

Now, to make a backup of the entire system, start EaseUS Todo Backup and click on the button System backup located in the center of the program window (if you don’t see it, click on the ☰ button located at the top left and select the item System backup from the menu that opens).

Then select the item relating to the system to be copied (e.g. Microsoft Windows 10), click on the button Browse related to the field Destination (if you want to indicate a destination other than the default one) and add one Description for backup, using the appropriate text field.

At this point, if you wish, click on the button Backup options (bottom left), and adjust the backup settings by acting on the left sidebar and the controls in the window that opens on the desktop: you can set the level of compression and of partition backup files; choose the cryptography to apply; the performance (i.e. the priority of the process on CPU and network); receiving notification email, i files to be excluded and much more. When you are done, click on the button first Save and then on Proceed, to save the settings and start the backup.

EaseUS Todo Backup

If you want to make your backup recurring, also press on the item Planning (bottom left) and, through the window that is proposed to you, set the automatic repetitions you want for the operation (e.g. Daily, Weekly, Monthly, or By event).

If, on the other hand, you want to make a personalized backup, click on the ☰ button located at the top left of the main window of EaseUS Todo Backup and choose the option of your interest from the menu that appears laterally: Disk / partition backup, to copy a disk or partition; File backup, to copy individual files; Email backup, to backup Outlook emails; Quick backup, to select custom items to copy; Clone, to clone disks or partitions to other disks or partitions; Clone system, to clone the system to other disks / partitions, or Instruments, to access various tools available in EaseUS Todo Backup (e.g. Verify image, Create boot disk, Clear Data, ISCSI initiator, Enable PreOS, Mount / Dismount, logs or Update Disc).

Select, therefore, the drive or files / folders of origin; the paths or units of destination, rule the backup settings and start the latter as I explained earlier: it’s all very intuitive. In any case, if you want, you can find more details on how EaseUS Todo Backup works on official program website.

Create backups with Macrium Reflect Free

Macrium Reflect Free it is surely one of the best backup software available on Windows 10 free clone disks and partitions by creating them images of security to be used, if necessary, on external devices). Now I will explain in detail how to use it, but I must warn you that the program is only available in English. Are there no problems for you in this sense? Well, then let’s proceed.

To get started, connect to Macrium Reflect Free website, click on the button Home Use and wait for the download of the program to end. Once the download is complete, start the executable you just downloaded, select the item Free from the drop down menu Choose Edition, affix (if not already there) the check mark next to the box Run installre directly after downloading and click on the button first Download and then on Yes.

Macrium Reflect Free - download page

At this point, presses the button Yup and then on Next, tick the box I accept the terms in the License Agreement and click again on Next. Then check the box Home (or Commercial, if you will use the program in your company), press the button Next.; check the box No, double click on the button again Next, then on install come on Finish; Finally, choose whether to restart the computer immediately by clicking on Yes or do it later by clicking on No (which I recommend you do if you have documents to save).

Once the computer has restarted, start the program using the icon on the desktop (or in the Start menu), grant it administrative permissions by clicking on Yup and presses the button Do not remind me (you only have to do it the first time). To start the backup procedure, set the check mark on all the disks (or partitions) you want to backup, click on the item Image this disk … and, if you intend to save the image on a disk or an external / network device, press the button and select the path. To burn the backup, however, check the box CD / DVD Burner and choose your burner from the appropriate drop-down menu. Complete the most appropriate settings, press the button Next.

Macrium Reflect Free

In the next window, you can choose the method of creation of your backup based on the type and time intervals to save the data. The options available to you are different.

  • It is not – you can set manually, using the button Add Schedule that you find immediately below, the type of backup to be created and the preset time intervals. You can choose between full backup (full), differential (differential) and incremental (incremental), and set the timers in the window that appears immediately after.
  • Grandfather. Father. Son (Grandfather – Father – Son) – are created incremental backups daily, backup weekly differentials is full backups monthly.
  • Differential Backup Set – a periodically is created full backup, “Updated” by daily differential backups.
  • Incremental Backup Set – provides for the periodic creation of a full backup, followed by incremental backups daily. It is only available in the PRO version.
  • Incrementals forever – acts with the approach of full synthetic backup: at the first and only full backup, incremental backups are joined once the preset number is reached. Again, availability is limited to the PRO version.

Once you have chosen the type of backup to be created, you can set the period in which to keep the “old” backups using the boxes and drop-down menus at the bottom. If you don’t want to use the timer but create a single backup, set the drop-down menu 1 up It is not, leave the section blank 2 and leave the section unchanged 3. Once the settings are complete, click the button Next.

Macrium Reflect Free - 3

Take a quick look at the summary of the chosen settings and, to immediately start the data copy process, click on the button Finish. Next, set up a first name for the backup in the appropriate drop-down menu (set one that can remind you how to create the backup), click on the button OK, Wait for the procedure to complete, finally press again on OK come on Close. You can access the procedures created by clicking on the tab Backup Definition Files (right) and, from there, edit or delete them.

The operation to restore the created images is very simple: once the program is open, click on the tab Restore (which you can find at the top left), then on the icon Browse for an image or backup file to restore and select the image you want to restore, then select the item Restore Image and follow the on-screen instructions (a reboot in the WinPE environment may be required if it is a system partition).

Macrium Reflect Free - Restore window

Alternatively, if you need to access one or more files contained in the backup, click from the section Restore icon Open an image or backup file in Windows Explorer, set the check mark next to the image that contains the file (or files) you are interested in and click on OK: the files and folders contained in the backup will be opened in Windows Explorer. When you are done, click on Detach a backup image from Windows Explorer, set the check mark on the image to “disconnect” and press the button detach.

Create backups with EaseUS Todo Backup Free

Another very valid solution to create, manage and restore backups for free on Windows 10 is EaseUS Todo Backup Free. To download it to your PC, connect to his official web page, wait for the download to complete and start the file you just downloaded. In the window that opens, click on the buttons Yup, OK, Come on, I agree is Forward, remove the check mark from the box Take the customer experience program improvement survey, presses the button twice more Forward and then on end.

Now, to start the program, click on the button Later and analyzes the screen that is proposed to you, which is a sort of “control center” on the backup possibilities you have available.

If you intend to create a backup of the entire disk or the entire partition, click on the button Disk / partition backup, put a check mark on the partition (or partitions) you want to backup and select the path to save everything by clicking on 📁.

At this point, if you want to create a single backup, click on the button Proceed. Alternatively, you can schedule the creation of backups, customize how they are saved (also setting an FTP space on which to possibly upload it) or define how often the old backups must be deleted using the buttons respectively Planning, Backup options is Massacre backup image.

To restore a previously created backup, click on the item Select file for restore that you find in the main screen of the program or, if you need to access one or more files contained in the backup (without restoring it completely), click on the buttons Tools, Mount / Dismount and follow the simple on-screen instructions to proceed.

As you have certainly noticed, the interface of EaseUS Todo Backup Free is extremely intuitive and also includes other features that I will briefly illustrate below.

  • System backup – creates an image of the entire operating system, to be restored in case of problems (or if the restoration of Windows 10 should stop working). The image can be edited and “explored”.
  • Quick backup – allows, with a very quick procedure, to copy one or more files and folders on a disk or an external device, with the possibility of updating them automatically.
  • Clone – allows you to clone entire disks or partitions. Very useful thing in case the main disk is about to break. The clone thus created cannot be “explored”.
  • Clone system – provides for the cloning of everything concerning the operating system (drivers, settings, etc.), with the possibility of restoring it in the event of a disaster. Again, the clone cannot be “explored” but only restored.
  • Create boot disk – through this function it is possible to create a bootable device from which to start the PC and eventually restore disk clones or operating systems.
  • Instruments – this button allows you to access additional features, for example the already seen ability to browse the images, the activation of the boot environment WinPE, L’data reset (safe deletion) of disks and partitions and management of settings iSCSI, if necessary.

To be free, the range of features offered by this program is truly remarkable and, thanks to its interface and the presence of the Italian language, everything is made even simpler.

If you have come this far it means that you have learned the best known and most efficient methods and programs for backup PC Windows 10 but, if among the solutions I have illustrated you have not yet managed to find what is right for you, I recommend you take a look at my guide to backup programs: I bet you will find what you are looking for!